Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide

Trade name: Liquid carbon dioxide
Chemical name: Carbon dioxide
Chemical formula: CO2 
PKWiU classification: 24.11.12-30.20

Unit: Grupa Azoty S.A.

Product description 

Carbon dioxide is a colourless, non-flammable gas, virtually odourless. It does not create an explosive mixture with air. It only creates the danger of an explosion if the bottle or tank are ruptured as the result of excessive heating or exceeding mechanical strength. In higher concentrations carbon dioxide can indirectly lead to asphyxiation as a result of its displacement of oxygen in air. In high concentrations, it paralyses the respiratory system.

Application and use

Carbon dioxide is mainly used for the production of carbonated drinks and soda,  in the sugar processing industry, for the saturation of juices, for the production of lead white, for hardening steel, in the brewery sector, in gardening and for filling fire extinguishers as well as  for many other applications. It is also used as a fire extinguishing agent with suppression effects.

Packing and transport

Liquefied cooled carbon dioxide should be contained in steel canisters, truck and rail cisterns as well as customised permanent containers. The above containers are pressurized devices and are thus subject to technical inspection. The product is not named as a hazardous substance according to  European Council and Parliament Resolution NR 1272/2008 dated December 16, 2008 regarding classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and superceding directives 67/548/EWG and 1999/45/WE and amending resolution (WE) nr 1907/2006 – Official Journal of the European Union dated 31.12.2008 and Directive 67/548/EWG. 

Liquefied carbon dioxide is a hazardous material according to ADR and RID regulations: 
  • class: 2,
  • classification code: 3A,
  • UN material identification number: 2187,
  • hazard identification number: 22,
  • tunnel code: C/E,
  • warning label: 2.2.


Liquefied cooled carbon dioxide is stored in the containers described above. Exposing stored carbon dioxide to temperatures above 500C and open fire, which may lead to the tank bursting, must be avoided. Plumbing installations should be protected from contamination in the event of damage to the tank. Pressure tanks with min. 16 bar pressure. Steel which will ensure the appropriate mechanical strength in -500C temperatures should be used.


Sales information: Marek Leśniak

phone +48 14 637 37 88

fax +48 14 637 27 23



Website of the Grupa Azoty uses cookies. Rules for their use, along with information on setting cookies in web browsers, are described in detail in the section Privacy Policy. By using this site you agree to its terms.